afisa synedrio2010 small"Σύγχρονες αντιλήψεις ασφάλειας και ποιότητας τροφίμων: η σύγκλιση των επιστημών"

4 - 6 Ιουνίου 2010, Ξενοδοχείο MAKEDONIA PALACE, Θεσσαλονίκη.

Υπό την αιγίδα του
Ενιαίου Φορέα Ελέγχου Τροφίμων

Τελικό Πρόγραμμα του Συνεδρίου

afisa synedrio2008 small"Σύγχρονες Διατροφικές Προκλήσεις για την Ασφάλεια και Ποιότητα των Τροφίμων"

6 - 8 Ιουνίου 2008, Ξενοδοχείο MAKEDONIA PALACE, Θεσσαλονίκη.


afisa synedrio2 και 3 Ιουνίου 2006 στο Διεθνές Συνεδριακό Κέντρο "ΝΙΚΟΛΑΟΣ ΓΕΡΜΑΝΟΣ" της ΗΕLΕΧΡΟ, στη Θεσσαλονίκη.



EFSA statement on the contamination of sunflower oil with mineral oil exported from Ukraine


Corrigendum 29/05/081

EFSA statement on the contamination of sunflower oil with mineral
oil exported from Ukraine

The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) received a fax on 28th of April 2008 from the European Commission, DG Health and Consumers requesting a rapid assessment concerning contamination of sunflower oil with mineral oils. EFSA took immediate action, and provided an initial view to the European Commission on the same day. This view was neither a risk assessment nor a fast-track advice and was only based on a limited set on data available at this point in time.

EFSA has received additional analytical data (see current analytical results) on the 21st of May 2008 and updates its initial consideration in the form of a statement.

Initial considerations based on the data available

The initial calculations (28th of April 2008) for the exposure assessment to sunflower oil contaminated with mineral oil were performed using the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA) acceptable daily intakes (ADIs) and the highest levels recorded in the sunflower oil imported from Ukraine based on information EFSA had available at that time. Several ADIs for mineral oil (2002)2 have been set by the JECFA:

-For mineral oil with high viscosity: ADI of 0-20 mg/kg body weight (b.w.)..
-For mineral oil with medium and low viscosity: temporary ADIs: Class I; 0-10
mg/kg b.w. and Class II and III; 0-0.01 mg/kg b.w..
EFSA used the highest level of contamination recorded, 2000 mg/kg of oil, assuming a daily consumption of 60 g vegetable oil per day for a 60 kg person in its exposure estimates. Table 1 outlines different exposure scenarios to the different classes of mineral oil and their comparison with the respective ADI .

1 - This statement published on 29 May 2008, replaces the earlier version published on 27 May 2008, which contained an error in table 1, page 2.

2 - Available at URL:
Page 1 of 3

Table 1. Dietary exposure estimates to different classes of mineral oil and their
comparison with the respective ADI.

Possible class of mineral oil             ADI mg/kg b.w. per day     Human exposure /kg                        b.w. per day           % of ADI

High viscosity               0-20         2                      10

Medium-Low viscosity

class I                         0-10          2                     20  

class II and III               0-0.01a)    2                    20,000

a) Temporary group ADI

Human exposure to 2 mg/kg b.w. per day of high viscosity or medium-low viscosity class I mineral oil would represent 10 and 20% of the ADI respectively and is therefore of no concern for public health. For mineral oil of medium-low viscosity class II and class III, the level of contamination would exceed the ADI by 200-fold and could be of health concern. Hence information on the class of mineral oil responsible for the sunflower oil contamination was required. Other contaminants (heavy metals, PCB, pesticides (OCBs, OPBs, ONBs, synthetic pyrethroids) were measured and none were of concern based on the analytical data available.

Current analytical results

Quantitative results from 22 analytical samples corresponding to the different cargoes shipped to the European Union (Greece, France, Italy, Portugal, Spain and the Netherlands) from Ukraine were provided to EFSA on the 21st of May 2008. The concentration of mineral oil ranged from below the limits of quantification up to 7300 mg/kg in crude oil and from below the limits of quantification up to 2000 mg/kg in refined oil intended for human consumption.

Chromatograms of crude sunflower oil, not intended for direct human consumption, provided to EFSA revealed the presence of mainly medium and long chain hydrocarbons, with peaks around C28-C31. The shorter chain hydrocarbons (< C25) represented about 20 % of the total hydrocarbons in crude sunflower oil. However, these compounds were removed by the refining process applied to produce refined vegetable oil for human consumption. The chromatograms of the refined oil indicated a complex mixture of linear and branched alkanes which were all high boiling point compounds in the range of C20-C40 (high viscosity). In addition, natural linear alkanes (high “trees”) were also found and are typical of sunflower oil (big odd carbons – C27, C29, C31 and smaller C28 and C30).

Absence of medium-low viscosity compounds in the chromatograms of the refined sunflower oil, therefore indicated the presence of only high viscosity compounds. This was supported by measurement of retention time and length of the hydrocarbons. Page 2 of 3


Analytical data for the contaminated sunflower oil intended for human consumption shipped to the European Union, from the cargoes exported from Ukraine, revealed the presence of high viscosity mineral oil. No other contaminants such as heavy metals, PCB, pesticides (OCBs, OPBs, ONBs, synthetic pyrethroids) were found in the 22 samples provided. For exposure estimates, the highest level of contamination recorded (2000 mg/kg of oil) and a daily consumption of 60 g of vegetable oil per day for a 60 kg person were used. This would lead to an exposure representing 10% of the ADI set for high viscosity mineral oil.

Such an exposure to sunflower oil contaminated with high viscosity mineral oil, although being undesirable for human consumption, would not be of public health concerns in this case. Page 3 of 3

και το δελτίο τύπου του ΕΦΕΤ με τη δήλωση της εκπροσώπου της Ευρωπαϊκής Επιτροπής για την Υγεία τύπου κ. Παπαδουλάκη

ΔΕΛΤΙΟ ΤΥΠΟΥ  26-05-2008

Συνέχεια ενημέρωσης σχετικά με την ύπαρξη ορυκτελαίων σε ηλιέλαιο προερχόμενο από την Ουκρανία

Σε σχέση με ρεπορτάζ τηλεοπτικών σταθμών σχετικά με αναφερόμενα στο Newsletter "EU FOOD LOW WEEKLY" με ημερομηνία 23 Μαΐου 2008, ο ΕΦΕΤ παρουσιάζει τη δήλωση της εκπροσώπου της Ευρωπαϊκής Επιτροπής για την Υγεία κας Νίνας Παπαδουλάκη:

«Το περιοδικό "EU Food Law" δεν αποδίδει σωστά την εκτίμηση του Ευρωπαϊκού Οργανισμού Τροφίμων και Ασφάλειας (EFSA).

Η EFSA έχει λάβει πρόσθετα αναλυτικά στοιχεία από την Ευρωπαϊκή Επιτροπή και έχει διαμορφώσει πλέον τις αρχικές της εκτιμήσεις σε μορφή δήλωσης. Η EFSA προτίθεται να δημοσιεύσει τη δήλωση αργότερα στην ιστοσελίδα της.

Η EFSA συμπεραίνει ότι από τα διάφορα αναλυτικά στοιχεία του επιμολυσμένου ηλιελαίου, επιβεβαιώνεται η ύπαρξη υψηλού ιξώδους ορυκτελαίου. ’λλες προσμίξεις όπως βαρέα μέταλλα PCB ή παρασιτοκτόνα δεν ευρέθησαν. Στη χειρότερη περίπτωση αυτή η πρόσμιξη θα συνιστά το 10% των ημερήσιων επιτρεπόμενων ορίων κατανάλωσης για υψηλού ιξώδους ορυκτέλαιο.

Αυτή η πρόσμιξη του ηλιελαίου με υψηλού ιξώδους ορυκτέλαιο αν και δεν είναι επιθυμητή για κατανάλωση από τον άνθρωπο, δεν οδηγεί σε ανησυχία για τη δημόσια υγεία».

Η δήλωση αυτή επιβεβαιώνει τα όσα ο ΕΦΕΤ από την αρχή έχει υποστηρίξει για το επιμολυσμένο με ορυκτέλαιο ηλιέλαιο.

*Kείμενο δήλωσης στην Αγγλική γλώσσα.